Published on February 10, 2019
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Guerra Sucia de Argentina (1976)
On July 1, 1974, the highly controversial, populist president Juan Perón died, leaving the presidency to his wife and vice president, Isabel Perón. What she inherited was a nation plagued by violent conflicts between the right-wing and left-wing Peronists, communist and nationalist paramilitary groups, and a rapidly deteriorating political climate. Backed by the anti-communist United States, Isabel empowered the military and the right-wing paramilitary groups to annihilate the left-leaning activists, leading to horrendous human rights violation and political oppression. For less than two years, she ruled the country that was slowly and dangerously moving toward a militant autocracy.
It is March 24, 1976. The military, which had been empowered by President Isabel Perón, overthrew her in a coup, detaining her and placing her under house arrest. The right-wing military junta is now in command of the nation. As we enter this tumultuous period, it is up to you to reshape the history of Argentina.
Topic A: Reversing Peronismo
Topic B: Executing Operation Condor
Letter from the Chair
Dear Esteemed Delegates:
Welcome to JHUMUNC 2020! My name is Donghyun Paul Jeong, and I will be your chair for the Dirty War of Argentina committee. I am incredibly excited for the thought-provoking discussion and debate as we reshape the history of Argentina together.
To tell you a little bit about myself, I was born in Yong-in, South Korea and moved to California 11 years ago. I am currently a sophomore in Johns Hopkins University majoring in Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, and minoring in Business and Spanish. I am also currently working in a cell biology lab at Johns Hopkins Medical Institute, exploring asymmetric mitochondrial protein aggregation and inheritance to study cellular aging. As for my hobbies, I am an active member of the debate team competing in American Parliamentary Debate Association league. I also enjoy watching Korean movies, going to the gym, or reading a good book.
I have competed in several MUN conferences as a high school student. Model UN has allowed me to overcome my fear of public speaking, and it has helped me greatly with confidence and critical thinking. Therefore, I have decided to join JHUMUNC as staff, to help bring the same positive experience I have had to other high school students. I was the crisis staff for Dissolution of Yugoslavia committee last year, and I hope to bring the same energy and excitement I found in last year’s committee to this committee as well.
In this committee, we will explore the particularly dark and authoritarian period of Argentina’s history. You are expected to have a full and comprehensive understanding of the historical, political, economic, and social context of the conflict, as well as understand your particular character’s interests and opinions on various issues that will arise in the committee. You will be faced with both internal and international crises as you as a committee navigate through this violent period in history.
Even though this is a historic committee, the committee is neither required to, nor is it expected to, follow the real-world course of events exactly. Each member is expected to advance their own agendas while cooperating with other members with similar interests to create a course of history that their character would have advocated. We want to reshape Argentina’s history, not create a reenactment of the Wikipedia page!
As you research and prepare for the conference, if there are any questions or concerns about the topic, committee, or Hopkins in general, feel free to contact me. We look forward to an exciting weekend with you!
Donghyun (Paul) Jeong
Chair, Guerra Sucia de Argentina (1976)
JHUMUNC Session XXIII