Joint Crisis: Indo-Pakistani Conflict, 1999
Islamic Republic of Pakistan
Over the past five decades, the relationship between India and Pakistan has been complex and often times violent. Continuous tension over the jurisdiction of Kashmir has created a stand-off between the two, leading to wars and skirmishes. The turning point between the two occurred in 1974 when India tested its first nuclear weapon. The conflict, progressively souring since, now centers around the Kargil region. Internally, the support for the armed conflict has shifted allegiance from the current government. Increasing control by the military may lead to a meltdown in civil-military relations and must be ameliorated to contain the crisis facing Pakistan.
Committee Topics and Background Guide
Topic A: Imminent Breakdown of Civil-Military Relations
Topic B: Struggle for Control of KashmirAvailable November 30, 2018
Letter from the Chair
Greetings Honorable Delegates,
I am ecstatic to welcome you to the Johns Hopkins University Model United Nations Conference (JHUMUNC) 2019! My name is Cameron Brown, and I will be your chair for JCC: Indo-Pakistani Conflict, 1999 – Islamic Republic of Pakistan. I am thrilled to see a bright group of committed individuals create a Pakistan that can both heal its internal divisions and succeed in its struggle for Kashmir.
By way of introduction, I am a freshman at Johns Hopkins double majoring in Neuroscience and Spanish. Originally from Hershey, Pennsylvania (yes, where they make the chocolate), I participated as a delegate in numerous conferences throughout my high school years. In addition to chairing your committee here at JHUMUNC, I am an active member of the Hopkins Model UN travel team, competing in collegiate conferences across the nation. Aside from Model UN, I am a vocalist with the acclaimed a cappella group The Vocal Chords, and serve as a student athletic trainer with the Johns Hopkins Blue Jays. When I have time to escape the grind, I love churning out chords on the guitar, working out around campus, and exploring beautiful Charm City.
In this committee, you will be tasked with two immensely difficult challenges that will decide the fate of over a billion people. The South Asian subcontinent in 1999 underwent a tumultuous period. Both countries spent the latter part of the 1990s in a nuclear arms race, triggered by Pakistan’s first successful nuclear test in 1998. Military members from both countries continue violence across the border, and civilians and security forces have been involved in increasing violent conflict throughout the Kashmir Valley, which continues to be Muslim-dominated and under Indian control. Attacks have been made against public establishments and police stations, and attacks against Indian forces have been increasingly carried out by militant rebels willing to sacrifice their lives.
There is no doubt in my mind that you deserve to be here in this committee - you making it this far shows me just that. I will be looking not only for well-researched solutions and lively debate, but also the utmost degree of open-minded diplomacy. You will be challenged to work hard and think differently, building bridges through a range of diverse perspectives and opinions. In the meantime, if you have any questions or concerns regarding our committee, position papers, or JHUMUNC in general, please reach out to me via email.
Welcome to JHUMUNC!
Chair, Islamic Republic of Pakistan
JHUMUNC Session XXII