The Holy Roman Empire was fragmented and had a mix of Protestants and Catholics. In 1617, Ferdinand II was chosen to be the next Holy Roman Emperor by his cousin, the previous Emperor, Matthias. As a devout Catholic, the newly-elected Ferdinand II quickly revoked the Letter of Majesty which had given tolerance to Protestants. The Protestants, specifically in Bohemia, did not approve of this change in power and began revolting, throwing many of Ferdinand’s representatives out a window in the Defenestration of Prague, which began the Thirty-Years War. Over the years, many countries became entangled in the battle. Eventually, Emperor Ferdinand II passed the Edict of Restitution, taking back the property that had been granted to the Catholics in the Peace of Augsburg, ultimately transferring more power to the Habsburgs. This committee will tackle the Thirty-Years War and all of the religious and territorial issues that come with it, while attempting to compromise with the Anti-Habsburg Coalition to pass resolutions that are fair and work to de-escalate the conflict.
Topic A: The Rise of Ferdinand II and Defense against the Bohemian Revolt
Topic B: The Edict of Restitution
Letter from the Chair
Dear Esteemed Delegates: