International Organization for Migration (IOM)
The International Organization for Migration (IOM) was founded in 1951 to assist European nations in the resettlement of people displaced by World War II. In 2016, the IOM became an official United Nations affiliated organization and now hosts 166 member states and 8 observer states from all over the world. Today, its goal is to advise nations and provide relief to nations, internally displaced peoples, and migrants in order to facilitate fair resettlement. The IOM is the leading intergovernmental organization in migration management, and as opposed to similar UN organizations, the IOM is not only concerned with the fair treatment of refugees but also the proper regulation of the migration process. During IOM sessions, member states debate international migration policy, migrants’ rights, and migrant health. Collectively, the IOM drafts resolutions, publishes field research, and sends on-the-ground relief to migrants. In today’s tumultuous world, with an unsettling rise in international migration, the IOM’s impact is as important as ever to enact positive change.
Topic A: Addressing the Effects of Climate Change on Migration
Topic B: Resolving the Rohingya Migrant Crisis
Background Guide: Now Available!
Letter from the Chair
Welcome to JHUMUNC 2018! My name is Siena DeMatteo and I will be the chair of the International Organization for Migration. I am thrilled to be chairing a committee with such a meaningful, timely focus and look forward to hearing you all debate the future of migration in the wake of climate change and the crisis in Myanmar.
A little bit about me: I’m a freshman here at Hopkins and plan on double majoring in Italian and Public Health. I was born and raised in New York City, and was actually a delegate at JHUMUNC 2016! I participated in several Model UN conferences throughout high school and served on the staff of my school’s own conference in several capacities, including Secretary-General. Besides JHUMUNC, I am involved with Best Buddies, an organization that works with young adults in the community who have intellectual disabilities, and the Milton S. Eisenhower Symposium, a speaker series that brings world-renowned personalities to campus. In my spare time, I enjoy following women’s professional soccer and exploring Baltimore’s unique neighborhoods!
As delegates in the International Organization for Migration, you will be tasked with negotiating practical solutions to two complex issues that transcend politics and require coordinated, multilateral responses. By 2050, the consequences of climate change could displace as many as one billion people. It is therefore imperative that you work with other member states to establish an operational framework that will not only address the current situation, but also prepare for the ramifications of future natural disasters. Another reality that we must confront is the ongoing migrant crisis in Myanmar; members of the Rohingya population are being persecuted by a government that does not recognize them as citizens, and many have hence tried to migrate by land or sea to neighboring countries. The future of an entire ethnic group is at stake, and it is the responsibility of this committee to bear in mind the sovereignty of Myanmar and contributions from other international actors when crafting a resolution to this crisis.
Please do not hesitate to contact me if you have any questions before the conference. I look forward to meeting you all in February!
Chair of the International Organization for Migration