League of Nations
The League of Nations, founded by the Treaty of Versailles at the end of World War I, was an intergovernmental organization whose primary purpose was to prevent the occurrence of another devastating war. The founding charter of the League of Nations, The Covenant of the League of Nations, set the objectives of the organization to prevent war through negotiation and international arbitration without the use of military force. Throughout its short-lived existence, the League had 63 total members and at its peak, 58 members. However, the League is infamously known for its shortcomings. The League of Nations failed to promote international disarmament during the rise of military fascism and territorial expansion in the 1930s and ultimately could not prevent the precipitation of the deadliest war in modern history. Yet, as the first such organization dedicated to maintaining world peace, the League of Nations is considered the precursor to the United Nations and established an important precedent for international peacemaking efforts.
Topic A: Japanese Invasion of Manchuria (1931)
Topic B: Second Italo-Ethiopian War (1935)
Background Guide: Now Available!
Letter from the Chair
Dear Honorable Delegates,
Welcome to JHUMUNC XXI! My name is Shubhayu Bhattacharyay and I will be both the director of ECOSOC Committees and your chair for the historical League of Nations committee. I look forward to working with all of you to retrace the steps of the failed League of Nations and attempt to better address global disputes in the precarious pre-WWII era.
I am originally from Kolkata, India, but I have lived in Los Angeles for the past 16 years. As a sophomore at Johns Hopkins, I am studying Biomedical Engineering, Applied Mathematics and Statistics, and Spanish, and am considering possible paths in medicine, law, or both. Aside from late nights at the library, I spend my time playing violin for the Hopkins Symphony Orchestra, debating for the HopMUN team, and conducting research at JHU’s world-class biomedical facilities. In my free time, I volunteer in the local Baltimore communities, play some pickup basketball, and hang out with the brothers in my fraternity.
Even though this is my second year of JHUMUNC, it is my sixth year of Model UN overall. During high school, MUN gave me the unique opportunity to travel across the nation for conferences along the east coast and Canada. I have also been involved in conference staff for the past 5 years. I have been a legal, chair, and the USG of ECOSOC committees for the Los Angeles Invitational Model UN conference over three annual sessions and last year, I was the chair for the ICAO committee at JHUMUNC.
In this session, our League of Nations committee will be responding to both the Japanese Invasion of Manchuria (1931) and the Second Italo-Ethiopian War (1935). In reality, the member states of the League of Nations changed throughout this period, but we will ensure everyone represents the same nation throughout the conference. However, it is crucial that you research your nation’s historical policies during this timeframe and represent the proper administration during each topic. Additionally, the League of Nations had different jurisdiction than UN committees today, so please understand the Covenant of the League of Nations and read the background guide to internalize the committee’s powers. Although we will be following MUN parliamentary procedure, I would like to maintain historical accuracy by preserving all the functions of the League of Nations.
I hope that all of you are able to thoroughly research the complexities of these serious issues and that you learn in the process. Even with historical nature of our committee, I will focus on fostering organic thought in debate. At any time, please feel free to reach out to me for any questions, comments, or discussions, and I will get back to you as soon as I can.
Other than that, our dais and I cannot wait to meet you and wish you the best until then!
Director of ECOSOC
Chair of the League of Nations